Eleutherodactylus coquí

The Name:
The name "coquí" is frequently used to describe about 16 different species of amphibians that fall under the genera Eleutherodactylus in Puerto Rico. It is also the scientific name of one of these species in particular. (Eleutherodactylus coquí) This last species is also the one that's most commonly found throughout Puerto Rico.
The name comes from the song that the male of the species is often heard singing in the forest. What it seems to say is: "cokeé, cokeé". That's why it is called "coquí" in Spanish.
The coquí común varies greatly in coloring and markings. Some have lines or bands that go down the center of their backs. Others have lines on their sides and some of these also have lines going between the eyes. Of course, with such wide variations, it isn't surprising that often people will confuse these frogs as coquies of different species.
These frogs are probably most known for their abundance in Puerto Rico.
However, some Puerto Rican species have also been introduced to other countries. Coquí común lives in some gardens in Florida, USA. Coquí Churí, has been take to Panamá.
In addition to these man-made introductions of the species into other habitats, there are more than 500 species of Coquí from México to the North of Argentina as well as in the Caribbean islands. In the Greater and Minor Antilles there are over 120 species of Coquí. Only in Puerto Rico is this group of frogs called Coquíes. In other countries they have other names. In Cuba they are called Colines.
In the lowlands the coquí is smaller sized and sings quickly. In the highlands, the same type of frog tends to be much larger and sings more slowly. Perhaps the frogs are communicating the changes in temperature(?)

This picture was sent to me by a Frogland visitor.

Listen to the Coquí song:
89KB WAV file

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